Thinking of becoming a scientist in india?
Well we write this comprehensive article on how to become a scientist in india just for you :)
If you assume Universe as a vast machine, the Scientists are the technicians who understand and take care of this machine.
And like any other expert technician, Scientists know how to leverage this machine and keep the machine in good condition for a long time.
This post is designed for you to understand about the life of a Scientist. Plus, a complete guide to help you understand how to become a scientist.
How to become a scientist in India (ISRO, NASA) Step-by-step Guide 2017
How does it feel to be a scientist?
The job of a Scientist is to allow the human kind have all the technological advancements and also to explore new limits of the knowledge. The more we know as a human race, the better inventions and discoveries come out to make the life much effective. As an advanced race, it has become our responsibility to take care of other living and even non-living things around us. And Scientists are the ones who actually help in doing that.
Science has multiple fields such as medicine, data, wildlife, space and hundreds of others. So, if you have a goal to become a scientist, it is important to figure out a specific sub-field for yourself.
In general, the role you have to play as a Scientist involves the experiments. Under the experiments, you have to plan your steps with a team of other scientists, decides the results you want to achieve and create a complete documentation of the experiment environment. Then, comes the implementation part of the plan. You conduct the experiment with your team and make sure that everything goes as planned. Also, it is your job to ensure that there is a plan B in case of an emergency. Finally, you analyze the achieved results.
The procedure of experiment is what allows you to develop new products as a scientist. It could a new medicine or a new equipment to make life much easier. But experimentation is something that is required for every invention.
The research work can differ according to the field and the complexity. Some scientists research for government, while others do it for commercial organizations. Also, many research work is conducted by the hospitals and education centers to more knowledge on an unexplained phenomenon. Multiple academic and scientific conferences are organized, so that, the Scientists can come together to share their research and ideas.
Hence, it becomes clear that the life of a Scientist is very exciting. They get to know, understand and create new things and ideas. So, if you have that craving for knowledge, becoming a Scientist is the right decision for you.
But hold on for a moment! Have you decides the complete strategy in order to become a Scientist? If not, then, worry not. Here are all the answers that you need.
Skills you need to cultivate to become a scientist
Science has proven that with dedication and the right environment, it is possible to cultivate any skill. If you have the desire to know, the curiosity to explore and the ability to take challenges, the goal becomes much easier to achieve.
Here are a few major skills you need to work on as a start:
1. Undying focus: The focus is the key skill that every scientist rely on all his or her life. It is important that you can dedicate yourself for hours and concentrate all your efforts on finding the solutions. No matter what situation presents, you should be able to make the best outcome even in unfavorable conditions. Of course, the focus improves with experience. But the mindset of a focused person is what you need to achieve.
2. Battling alone: As a Scientist, many times you don’t get enough resources or guidance. On the other hand, you are supposed to guide others. Hence, it becomes important that Scientist has the ability to work alone and without any detailed help. This ability comes when you have the faith in your mind and knowledge. When you know, you can find the answer, there is nothing in this whole universe to stop you from that.
3. Self-motivation: Self-motivation becomes the driving force for the Scientists when the challenges become critical. The ability to preserve your positive thoughts can help in the long run and allow you to become a problem solver in this career. To achieve this skill, it is important that you take lead in your daily life. Make decisions for yourself by analyzing the situation and stay confident. And don’t forget to learn from your bad decisions.
4. Other helpful skills: Along with all the mentioned ones, your skill to work in a team, the ability convey your point of view and time management become a big help. Also, you need have the capacity to organize everything around you, so the mind can feel calm enough to work efficiently.
Now, let’s talk about the real deal.
Following are the goals that you need to achieve step-by-step in order to finally become a great Scientist.
Bachelor Degree in the chosen science field
First of all, you need to have clear idea of the field you are interested in, to work as a Scientist. There are multiple options such as Physics, Mathematics, Biology, Astronomy, Geology, Social Sciences and many others. So, it becomes important to select one field, in which, you can see a future for yourself. There are two aspects of choosing a field. One that you have to have an interest in the field. And second is the availability of the resources that can help you in developing suitable skills for that field. Keeping this two factors in mind, you can select the most effective and suitable field for yourself. After selecting the field, you can get a degree such as B.Tech in the selected field, or Bachelor of Science in the related subjects. In fact, you can even choose Bachelor of Arts to pursue a career in Social Sciences.
Educational qualification required to apply
In order to apply for the Bachelor Degree, you have to have some necessary educational qualifications:
- To become an eligible candidate, you need to complete your 10+2 or any other equivalent examination in the subjects you want to apply in.
- Some reputed institutes ask for a certain percentage in 10+2 for providing admissions. This percentage can be 50 percent or 60 percent as well.
- There are multiple entrance examinations conducted for the admissions in some of the most reputed institutions such as IITs, IISs, and others. You can take the tests to get the admission in a three or four-year degree program.
- Also, there are multiple institutions that take admissions on the sole basis of your performance in the 10+2 and other equivalent examinations.
So, for the bachelor degree, you need to keep focusing on your performance in the previous examinations as well.
Master’s Degree to enhance your qualification
Getting a Bachelor degree creates the foundation of knowledge in the related field. However, that is not enough to become a professional Scientist. You need to further improve your knowledge and skills. Learning about the field in depth is what you need to do after the bachelor degree. And A Master’s degree gives you a chance to achieve that goal.
The Master’s degree allows you to become an expert in the related field of interest. You can choose any of the following options:
- M.Sc. or Master of Science
- M.E./ M. Tech.
Educational qualification required to apply
Just like the bachelor’s degree, you need to fulfill some expected criteria in order to become an eligible candidate for the Master’s degree.
- The Bachelor Degree in the subject of specialization is important in order to become an eligible candidate for Master’s degree. In simple words, you can specialize in one of the subjects that were a part of your Bachelor’s program.
- For the admission in a few institutions and universities, you are required to have 55 or 60 percentage in your bachelor’s degree.
- Candidates who want to apply in the reputed universities such as PEC, IITs, IIS, and others, need to apply for the entrance tests such as GATE and others. These entrance examinations are important and require focused preparation to score well. After successfully scoring eligible marks in one of these entrance tests you get admissions in the master programs. These programs can be of the duration of 2 to 3 years.
- There are multiple institutes that focus only on your Bachelor results while providing admissions.
Getting a Doctoral and Post-Doctoral degree
Though a master’s degree opens many gates for your career, there is further study option to grow your opportunities. You can apply for the Ph.D. that is the Doctoral degree in the field related to your previous degrees. A Ph.D. level program gets immense reputation and opportunity in the field.
After completing your Ph.D., you can even apply in the research institutes to achieve higher education. There are multiple tests such as ARS/NET, IIST entrance, and also the Scientist Entrance Test by DRDO. Applying to these entrances can help you get admission in one of the most prestigious programs, which ultimately makes it easier for you to start your career as a Scientist.
So, these are the three goals you need to conquer to make your dreams true. Now, let’s talk about the career opportunities that you can get as a Scientist.
Career Opportunities out there for Scientists
With more exposure to the technology and the advanced growth of the human race, the demand for expert Scientists has increased a lot. The scientific research in multiple fields requires the assistance of specialized scientists. Hence, the career opportunities are immense.
Here are a few job profiles scientists from different fields achieve.
1. Popular Job Profiles
- Military scientists
- Earth scientists
- Communication scientists
- Food Scientists
- Computer scientists
2. Employment Opportunities
The world opens a vast number of opportunities for Scientists. However, if we talk about India only, the country offers amazing employment opportunities for expert scientists. When you have the qualification and the right approach, following institutes can present recruitment offers:
- Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)
- Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
- Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
- Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR)
- Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM)
- Indian Association for Cultivation of Science (IACS)
- Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES)
Hence, it becomes clear that career opportunities never become an issue for a dedicated and qualified Scientist. Both government and private organizations happily offer jobs. So, all you need to do is keep yourself focused and make sure that your qualifications speak louder and louder every year.
Salary you can expect as a Scientist
When it comes to the salary, there are multiple factors that play a major role. The qualification of a Scientist, the reputation of the university or the institute, and also the experience of the scientist matters.
The salary increases as the experience increases. At the initial stage, a Scientist can easily get around Rs. 2 Lakh and above per year. However, this annual amount increases eventually and there is no set limit to the salary of an experienced Scientist.
| Starting salary|| 2 Lakhs and above|
| Salary with good experience|| 6 Lakhs and above|
| Bonus|| 5 Thousand and above|
| Profit Sharing (depending upon organizations terms and condition)|| Up to 75 Thousand|
Hence, not only the reputation but the financial factor makes this profession highly interesting. All you need to do is stay focused on becoming better and getting more experience. The rest comes along with it.
Valuable tips to carry during this career journey
1. Don’t get intimidated
After reading the long list of degrees, you might be feeling a little intimidated. But don’t be. Becoming a Scientist is like any other profession in terms of hard work. When you have the passion for the field, the hard work comes naturally. In fact, after a while, you stop taking hard work as hard work. So, keep believing yourself and make sure you never lose hope.
2. Learn beyond the courses
To become a successful Scientist, you need to have that curious brain. And a curious brain never sets any limit to the knowledge. So, when you are following your degree programs, don’t forget to make your Horizon broader. Along with your regular studies, it is important that you read new researches and inventions that are taking place in your field as well as other relevant fields. Of course, no one can know everything, but a curious mind definitely achieves more knowledge than others.
3. Test your skills
You need to become your own teacher. Don’t just wait for the exams to test your skills. Test yourself with new projects, exciting research, and analysis of your own skills. With this habit, you will always stay on the move of becoming better. So, find a better version of yourself every day. This is how you will stay ahead of your time.
4. Look for the opportunities
Even when you are studying, there are multiple opportunities appear in front of you. But if they don’t, you need to find them. The chance to work with a renowned scientist, or to get an internship in a reputed research program. These kinds of opportunities gives you the knowledge and experience that worth multiple degrees. So, keep on looking for right opportunities and don’t let them go.
5. Find a mentor
If possible, you should definitely find a mentor who can teach you about the real life problems of the job and the tricks to tackle them. The small pointers given by the mentor stays with you for life and help in every step when you are working as a professional.
Having an aim to become a successful scientist will take a lot of efforts and patience from your side. It is a goal that is achievable when only you have the power of thinking different than what common people think. So, keep your eyes wide open for things going around you and keep every single suggestion in mind and stay determined to achieve every goal one by one.
Hopefully, this article will be helpful for you in getting information on how to become a scientist.