Looking for how to become a lawyer in India?
Well then this step-by-step guide is exactly what will help you.
The law requires an interpreter, a person who can fight for the protection of the legal rights of people, business, or an idea.
This fight happens in the court of law, where the professional lawyers back their clients through words and actions under the law. As a career, this has been an elite class profession for many generations.
And the rise of globalization has been a great help in further increasing the demand for more lawyers.
Both private and government sectors require qualified and reliable skilled professionals who can protect the rights for them.
How to become a lawyer in india - Complete Guide
With the positive opportunities, becoming a successful degree has become an ambition for many people. However, the complete planning is important to design your career path effectively. This article does the job for you and provides you complete guidance on how to become a lawyer.
Here, you will get to know about everything that is required as the qualification, skills and what you need to do in order to achieve your goals.
The role of a lawyer
First of all, it would be better to know the roles of a lawyer. The roles widely depend on the job profile of the person. However, the lawyer can be representing an individual client, or provide his or her legal consultancy. Also, many lawyers join a legal research work as well.
The eligibility of a lawyer
Now, that you have an idea of the role you might play as a lawyer, it is time to understand the eligibility requirements to become a lawyer.
To be a lawyer, you need to have a few educational qualifications. Graduating in any discipline is the first and foremost requirement. You can join 3 years L.LB course in a reputed law college. However, there is another option of joining 5 years of B.A.L.LB course after your 10+2.
The skills necessary to be a successful lawyer
There is a great difference between becoming a lawyer and becoming a competent lawyer. Your commitment to the job and the passion for helping people makes you a perfect person for the job. But that doesn’t all that you need. Here are a few skills you need to acquire in order to become a fine professional.
- Dedication to understanding the legal structure
Your dedication is the most important skill that keeps you moving towards the success. The curiosity of knowing and understanding the legal structure help a lot during the intensive training. So, you need to be ready to work hard and put all your determination to become well aware of the legal system and laws.
The sense of responsibility is important, as you have the job to protect the rights of people. You not only have to think about the client, but also make sure that nothing goes against the law. This sense of responsibility is what helps you in the long run.
The years of knowledge and training can’t make you a professional lawyer if you don’t have confidence in yourself. It is important that you have a strong personality to put your personality in front of people in a respectable manner. The confidence of saying what you believe in an effective manner what makes you an extraordinary lawyer.
- Ability to understand human psychology
Your ability to understand other people can help a lot. This is something that becomes handy when you have to judge a person in your mind with his or her actions. Sometimes, the conflict in your mind can lead you in the wrong direction of a case. Hence, you should learn to understand people’s behavior.
Now, we have cleared the skills required for the career. It is the time to understand the education system of law in India.
How Law education in India works
- The minimum qualification is the Bachelor of Law or LL.B. from any of the institute that is recognized by the Bar Council of India.
- For the five years of integrated law course, you can join the dual degree program after 12th standard. These courses are designed in multiple types such as B.A. LL.B., B.Sc. LL.B., B.Com LL.B., and many others.
- The LL.B. or the bachelor of law course can be pursued after completing the graduation. The program takes either 3 or 4 years to complete.
- When you complete any of the programs and get the degree, you can start your law practice under a relevant bar council. However, many graduates go for further studies and get an LL.M., MBL or join a PG diploma course as well. The Master’s programs help the graduates further improve their qualifications.
Now, let’s talk about the steps you need to follow in order to become a lawyer in India.
Steps to become a lawyer in India
1. Select a law program you have interest in
As the LL.B. is the minimum qualification that you need to acquire. You need to pursue the goal in one of the previously provided two ways. You can either go for the 5 years of integrated course or choose to go for the program of Bachelor of Law. In both that formats, you are required to complete a few criteria.
- For the integrated law program, you need to have a 10+2 passed certificate from a recognized board. Also, the minimum of 50% aggregate marks is necessary as well. Along with that, it is important that your age is not more than 20 years.
- On the other hand, if you want to pursue LL.B., it is a must that you have a graduate degree from a recognized university. The necessary minimum aggregate marks are 50 % or any equivalent. However, there is no age limit to apply for this program.
The selection is up to you. Whether you want to study law right after completing your 10+2, or you want to go with the traditional LL.B. course after your graduation. Think about it thoroughly and choose what suits best for you.
2. Score good marks in relevant entrance exams
It is a dream of every aspirant to get admission in a reputed law institute. In order to achieve that dream, you need to score good marks in the entrance tests designed by the authorities. The entrance examinations are a necessity for both kinds of law courses. You have to crack entrance test for the integrated course as well as the LL.B.
CLAT or the Common Law Admission Test is a reputed entrance exam for law admissions. However, there are others as well. The state-wise and many Institute-wise entrance tests are designed for the law admissions. Some of the famous entrance exams are LSAT, AMU Law Entrance Test, AILET, DU Law Entrance test and many others.
Here are all the universities that take admission for 5 year LLB via the CLAT entrance test:
Your goal should be to select a relevant exam to prepare for, appear and get good marks. When you qualify with valid scores, the reputed institutes open their gates for you.
3. Complete your program with dedication
When you have secured good marks and get to indulge in the interested law program, put all your dedication. For 3 or maybe 5 years, you have a chance to understand about the law and learn useful skills to become an effective professional in the real world. So, you focus should be on completing the course with success. The better you score during your program, the powerful your degree will become for you. Of course, experience matters, but the qualification plays an important role as well.
Subjects you study during the program
During the 3 years of the course, you get to learn about the topics such as Business Laws, Jurisprudence, Criminal Law, Intellectual Property Laws, and much more.
Similarly, the 5 years of program lets you attain knowledge on subjects related to the commerce and arts along with the law. These subjects are:
And much more along with the core law subjects.
4. Plan your next move
After completing your course, there are two main paths you can choose between.
You can start practicing, as LL.B. is the minimum eligibility of starting professional work as a lawyer in India. However, there is one other option of going for further studies. We will talk about the further study options further in this article.
If you decide to practice after your course completion, here is what you need to do.
5. Register yourself with the relevant State Bar Council
After deciding that you want to practice, it becomes important that you register yourself with the State Bar Council. This will allow you to start practicing as a professional lawyer.
You can apply for the SBC and enroll yourself to get a provisional license of practicing law. The valid time period for these provisional license lasts for 6 months.
6. Clear the AIBE Exams
Yes, the journey of examinations hasn’t ended yet. You are required to apply for the AIBE exam after enrolling for the State Bar Council. The AIBE or the All India Bar Examination has been designed to test the aptitude of the graduate lawyers. You need to fill the application for the AIBE and send it to the Bar Council of India, Delhi.
A successful application will lead you to the AIBE exam. You need to appear and clear the examination with valid marks. The final results are given by the Bar Council of India. After the BCI passes the results, it reaches to your State Bar Council. This result is then used to convert your provisional license into a final one.
After getting your final license, you become eligible to practice law. You can practice in any part of the country and renew the license every five years.
So, these are the 6 steps you need to cover in order to become a professional lawyer. However, the educational journey doesn’t have to end if you don’t want to stop.
There are multiple types of lawyers who specialize in particular type of cases.
Classification of lawyers
Though the legal system is too vast, it is possible to divide the lawyers into two kinds, according to their expertise.
- Civil Lawyer
- Criminal Lawyer
1. Civil Lawyer
The main job of civil lawyers is to fight for the domestic and civil issues. For instance, a fraud can come under the expertise of a civil lawyer. All kinds of cases that are not related to any crime under the law can come under the expertise of a civil lawyer.
2. Criminal lawyer
As the name suggests, the job of a criminal lawyer is to work on criminal cases. Hence, a murder or any other crime related cases come under the expertise of the criminal lawyers.
Apart from these two major categories, there are multiple other classifications available as well to clearly define the role of a lawyer. Some of them are:
- Labor and Unemployment Lawyer
- Intellectual Property Lawyer
Further study options
When you know how many specialists are there in the profession, the urge of getting a specialization is inevitable. Thankfully, there are many higher degree programs available in India for law studies. You can pick one of the post-graduation law courses such as:
- MBL or Master of Business Laws
- And multiple other PG diploma courses
In the Post-Graduation Diploma courses, there multiple specialization opportunities for the aspirants. There are multiple options to choose from such as:
- Civil Law
- Criminal Law
- IP Law
- Taxation Law
- Labour Law
- Business Law
Job opportunities and career choices
After getting your degree of LL.B., you can simply start working under a reputed lawyer. However, there are many law firms as well as consultancies who offer great opportunities for budding lawyers. Both the choices lead you to an environment where you meet and work with exceptionally talented professionals. This builds up the confidence and also allow you to become a part of a team.
However, there is always the choice to start your own practice. If you have proper funds and other resources, it should not be a problem for you to start your own consultancy service.
You can even appear for a relevant entrance test (Yes again!) to start working for the Government at both State and Central levels. If you clear the test with valid marks, the job becomes yours.
Many corporate firms hire a group of lawyers to handle their legal issues. You can also apply for such jobs and work for a commercial firm as well.
Hence, these are all the choices that you get to kick start your career as a lawyer. The opportunities depend on the qualification and the other aspects of your skills.
The salary of a lawyer
When it comes to the salary, the lawyers get a pretty good amount. Especially, the Government Services offer impressive numbers for the lawyers. In fact, the salary increases to a great extent with time and the pay commission gets better and better.
In the private sector, the lawyers get salaries according to their experience and the knowledge. As an advisor of the legal matters in a corporate firm, a lawyer can get up to Rs. 50,000 per month.
The Final Put
A few days before, while browsing some famous quotes of legend personalities, I came across with these words said by Abraham Lincoln.
"If you are absolutely determined to make a lawyer of yourself, the thing is more than half done."
- Abraham Lincoln
So, this is how to become a lawyer. Hopefully, you have gotten valuable information and knowledge here. Use the tips to prepare a clear strategy for achieving the professional degree and starting your career.